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  • ID: I01654
  • Name: William EDMUNDSON
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: /Edmiston/
  • Birth: 27 OCT 1734 in Cecil County, Maryland
  • Death: 13 JUL 1822 in Glade Spring, Washington County, Virginia
  • Burial: Glade Springs, Washington County, Virginia
  • Military Service: BET 1757 AND 1783 French and Indian Wars and Revolutionary War
  • Event: Tax List 1782 Personal Property Tax List, Washington Co., VA Col Wm Edmundson's Precicnt
  • Census: 1810 Pg 687, Ln 24, Washington Co., VA
  • Occupation: Farmer
  • Event: Land Grant 16 DEC 1773 2000 Acres (Fincastle now Washington Co., VA) Ensign French & Indian War
  • Note:
    Chalkley's Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement of VA, Vol 1, Pg 80, Augusta Co., VA Court OB VI Court of Claims, Pg 144, Apr 14, 1758 --- "William Edmiston for ranging", Chalkley's Vol 1, PG 109, Augusta Co., VA OB VIII, Pg 240, 21 Sep 1763 --- "William Edmiston qualified Lieutenant of Militia".
    William, along with his mother Margaret, brothers and cousins moved from Augusta Co., VA to Fincastle County in Southwest Virginia (the part that is now located in Washington County) and were established there prior to 1772. He established his home near the present day villiage of Glade Springs, where he lived until his death.
    Washington County Land Survey (1781-1797), Pg 238 --- Col. William Edmundson...400 acres...Commisioners Certificate...on both sides of the Middle Fork of Holston River...Beginning on the North side of the river...on Samuel Edmundson's line...January 28, 1783---William Edmundson assignee of Samuel Wilson, assignee of Joshua Horton...400 acres...on bothsides of the Middle Fork of Holston, adjoining Samuel Edmundson below and John Scott, includes improvements, actual settlement made in 1769...August 21, 1781.
    The 1782 Personal Property Tax Lists of Washington Co., VA shows Col. Edmundson as the head of his Precicnt . He had 1 tithable at that time, indicating that any other male over 16 years of age had left the household. He is listed as having 9 horses, 21 head of cattle, and 5 slaves (Sina, Will, Moses, Joana, and Elise).
    CENSUS: 1810 Federal Census for Washington County, Virginia lists Col William Edmondson as head-of-household consisting of1 WM (16-25), 1 WM (45+), 1 WF (Under 10), 2 WF (16-25), 1 WF (45+), and 5 slaves
    BIOLOGICAL SKETCH FROM; Lyman C. Draper, LLD, King's Mountain and Its Heros: History of the Battle of Kings Mountain, October 7, 1780 and The Events Which Led to It, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.,Baltimore, 1983 Pages 377 and 402-404.

    "Major William Edmondson or Edmiston, as frequently written about in the early days, was second in command of the Virginia Regiment in the battle was descinded from Irish ancestry and born in Cecil County, Maryland in 1734 (sic). While he was yet young his father moved to what is now Rockbridge County, VA, where he grew to the years of manhood, receiving a limited education. He early engaged in the old French and Indian War (1758-1763).

    Learning of Col. Byrd's expedition down the Holston, destined against the Cherokee's, in 1760, William and his brother Samuel, concluded to enlist, so as to give them an opportunity to examine the lands in the Holston Country with view of future settlement. While on this service, William Edmondson was guilty of the high crime of addressing an officer without taking off his hat, as was required by all soldiers, for which he was severly rebuked, and threatened with punishment. Reaching his comrades in great wrath, Edmondson loaded his rifle and swore he would shot the officer who had so grossly insulted him; and it was with great difficulty, that his brother dissuaded him from it. One of the Virginia Officers who knew Edmondson, wrote to Govenor Fauquier, that there was a high spirited soldier in his corps, who, unless commissioned would likely get into trouble. On the 1st of August of that year, The Govenor sent him an Ensign's Commission to serve on that expedition. But Byrd got pretty well down the Valley, he took to camp and made no further progress during that nor the following year. In 1763, Govenor Fauquier sent Edmondson a commision of Lieutenant in the Militia.

    Having married a Miss Montgomery, he removed, after the war, to the New River frontiers, in now Grayson County; and subsequently to what constitutes Washington County, settling on a tract of land he received for his military service. In 1774 he was commissioned a Lieutenant in the Fincastle Co., VA Militia, served on the frontiers of Clinch and Sandy, and probably in Christian's Regiment on the expedition to Point Pleasant and Scioto; and in 1776, he was made Captain, and served on the campaign against the Cherokee's in the fall of that year. In 1777 he was appointed a Justice of the Court and failed by only two votes to gain the House of Delegates. He was selected by the Legislature as one of the Commissioners for taking depositions against Henderson and Company to the Kentucky country. Also in 1777, he was in service when the treaty was held at Long Island of Holston, and in 1778 was much engaged in guarding the frontiers. In early 1779, he commanded a Company on Colonel Evan Shelby's Chicamauga expedition; and early in 1780 he was apponited Major of the Washington County Regiment, serving on the expedition against the Tories on New River, and then on to King's Mountain. At the close of the year, he joined Colonel William Campbell's force marching to Long Island of Holston. He was advanced to Lt Colonel in 1781 and then to full Colonel in 1783. He was much in service protecting the frontiers in 1781 and 1782. By two marriages, the second to a Miss Kennedy, he had 15 children. A son born soon after the death of his revered Commander, he named General William Campbell Edmundson. He lived to a good old age, dying July 30, 1822, in his 89th year. He was six feet two inches high, possesed a vigorous mind,was bold, manly, open hearted and generous. His attachments were strong and his hatreds bitter, He served at one time as Sherriff of the County, and for many years presided with great dignity over the County Court. Judge Estil, who knew him well, declared that: "few more gallant, useful and honorable men than Colonel Edmondson ever lived in any country."

    "Great and glorious!" was the exclalmation of General Gates (Commander of all Patriot forces in the Southern Colonies), when the tidings of the grand triumph of the King's Mountain men reached him. "That memorable victory", declared Thomas Jefferson, "was the joyfull annunciation of that turn of tide of success, which terminated the Revolutionary War with the seal of independance." And richly did the heros, who marched under Campbell's banners, deserve all the praise bestowed upon them. King's Mountain paved the way for the successive advantages gained by American arms at First Dam Ford, Blackstocks, Cowpens, Guilford, and Eutaw; and ultimately for the crowning victory at York Town, with the glorious fruitation of "INDEPENDANCE FOR EVER".

    EXCERPT CONCERNING PATRIOT CASUALTIES AT KING'S MOUNTAIN ---- "It is remarkable, that thirteen officers to only a single private of Campbell's men, were killed or mortally wounded during the battle ---
    nearly one half of the fatalities of the whole Whig force engaged in the contest. This disparity of losses between the leaders and the privates is striking proof how fearlessly the officers exposed themselves in rallying the Regiment when broken, and leading their men by valor and heroic examples to victory. One third of the wounded were in Campbell's Regiment. Another remarkable fact is, that of the eight Edmondsons of the Virginia troops engaged that day, three were killed, and one was wounded----all prominent and efficient officers of that corps; the survivors having been William Edmondson, the Major of the Regiment, and Privates, John, Samuel and William Edmondson".

    The Edmundsons that died that day were: Captain Robert Edmundson and Ensign Andrew Edmundson, brothers to Major William Edmundson and Captain William Edmundson husband of William's sister Elizabeth. The Lt Robert Edmundson that was wounded was a cousin.

    DAR Patriot Index,Centenial Edition, Part 1, Pg 930, EDMONDSON, William b. 1734 MD d. 7-30-1822 VA m. (1) Margaret Montgomery (2) Elizabeth Kennedy Col VA

    Father: John EDMUNDSON b: 1710 in Cecil County, Maryland
    Mother: Margaret BUCHANAN b: BEF 1720 in Orange County, Virginia

    Marriage 1 Margaret MONTGOMERY b: 1742 in Augusta County, Virginia
    • Married: 16 APR 1761 in Augusta County, Virginia
    1. Has No Children William EDMUNDSON b: 1759 in Augusta County, Virginia
    2. Has Children Andrew EDMUNDSON b: 1760 in Augusta County, Virginia
    3. Has Children Margaret E. EDMUNDSON b: 16 FEB 1762 in Augusta County, Virginia
    4. Has No Children John Montgomery EDMUNDSON b: 1 FEB 1764 in Augusta County, Virginia
    5. Has Children Ester Ann EDMUNDSON b: 13 APR 1766 in Augusta County, Virginia
    6. Has Children Samuel EDMUNDSON b: 7 DEC 1768 in Augusta County, Virginia
    7. Has Children Robert EDMUNDSON b: 24 MAY 1771 in Rockbridge County, Virginia
    8. Has Children Thomas EDMUNDSON b: 4 AUG 1773 in Fincastle County, Virginia
    9. Has No Children Mary Elizabeth EDMUNDSON b: 26 JAN 1776 in Fincastle County, Virginia
    10. Has No Children Patsey Montgomery EDMUNDSON b: 25 JAN 1777 in Fincastle County, Virginia

    Marriage 2 Elizabeth KENNEDY b: 1748 in Moffett's Creek, Augusta County, Virginia
    • Married: 1780 in Washington County, Virginia
    1. Has Children William Buchanan EDMUNDSON b: 5 MAY 1781 in Glade Spring, Washington County, Virginia
    2. Has Children Andrew EDMUNDSON b: 3 AUG 1783 in Glade Spring, Washington County, Virginia
    3. Has Children General William Campbell EDMUNDSON b: 18 NOV 1785 in Glade Spring, Washington County, Virginia
    4. Has No Children Elizabeth EDMUNDSON b: 2 FEB 1788 in Glade Spring, Washington County, Virginia
    5. Has No Children Sarah Sallie EDMUNDSON b: 31 JUL 1790 in Glade Spring, Washington County, Virginia
    6. Has Children Catherine Moffett EDMUNDSON b: 12 MAR 1795 in Glade Spring, Washington County, Virginia
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